Perry Kaufman is the author of the well-known Trading Systems and Methods, and more recently Kaufman Constructs Trading Systems and Learn To Trade. He is an active trader and has spent his career as the architect for trading systems used by institutions and funds, often partnering with those firms. His experience includes commodities and equities. He has traded and managed money through the U.S.-Russian wheat deal of 1973, 20% interest rates of 1980, the stock market crash of 1987, the internet bubble of 2000, and the subprime crisis of 2008, and now the Covid pandemic. He understands risk control and believes that not all trading needs to be complex to be profitable. Perry can be reached through his website, www.kaufmansignals.com.